All proteins, no matter what food they come from, are made up of amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. And protein is what your body needs to build and maintain your body’s health. And when we think of Protein, we think of chicken, beef, turkey, pork, fish and eggs.
When you eat a T-bone steak or baked beans (or anything that contains any protein at all, even a tiny amount), your digestive system breaks the food down into amino acids that are absorbed into your blood stream. From there, the amino acids are used to build the proteins that make up your muscles, organs, your brain and lots of other tissues.
Your body can make many amino acids itself, but there are some amino acids that the human body can't manufacture. These amino acids are called the essential amino acids because you have to actually eat foods that contain them.
A deficiency in any one of those 10 essential amino acids can cause the proteins in your muscle and other tissues to deteriorate, as your body seeks to obtain the necessary amino acid it’s missing by stealing it from your own body tissue.
These are the essential amino acids that your body can’t make on its own (so you must consume/eat them):
Animal proteins all contain every single one of these essential amino acids, so they're called complete proteins. Eggs also contain every single one of these essential amino acids (see our Ova Easy Egg Crystals - they taste as good as freshly laid eggs and they have a 7 year shelf life!).
But plant proteins are a little different. Each plant that you eat has a different combination of amino acids. For example, grains and cereals are extremely low in Lysine. So low that they can't even be considered a source of Lysine. If you only eat grains and cereals, you won't get enough Lysine, and that's bad.
Luckily, legumes such as peanuts, peas, dry beans and lentils contain a lot of Lysine -- all the Lysine you really need. But legumes (the peanuts, peas, dry beans and lentils) don’t have enoughf tryptophan, methionine and cystine. Luckily (again), those essential amino acids ARE found in grains and cereals!
So when you eat some grains/cereals AND some legumes like dry beans or lentils, you will be getting all of the essential amino acids your body needs to be strong and healthy, and keep your brain powered up.
This is very good news for vegetarians, and REALLY good news for preppers who might not have access to steaks, chops and burgers when they are eating their food storage items.
|Louisiana Red Beans & Rice|
So you might eat oatmeal (a grain) at breakfast and lentil soup (the legume) at lunch. As long as you get a variety of grains and legumes throughout the day, you'll get ample amounts of each amino acid.
But when we are talking about living off of your stored food, where you don’t have access to fresh meats or eggs from grocery stores, knowing what to store for your optimal health becomes important. And you probably won’t be cooking up a 7 course meal. So here are some easy ways to combine your grains and legumes to make a complete protein.
- Black beans and rice
- Rice and lentils (did you know that brown rice and lentils cook in the same amount of time?)
- Whole wheat bread and peanut butter
- Bean soup and crackers
- Chili and cornbread
|Mexican Rice and Beans|
- Roasted nuts, seeds, and peanuts
- Hummus (chickpeas and tahini)
- Lentils and almonds
THE MAGIC RATIO TO MAKE A COMPLETE PROTEIN
For our purposes of cooking up a meal consisting of a grain of some sort and then a legume like lentils, pinto or black beans, red beans, black eyed peas (also called cowpeas), we want to know the correct ratio of grain to legume.
|Rice and Lentils w/Curry Powder|
We want to use 1 part lentil (or other legume) to 3 or 4 parts rice (or other grain). This combo will give us all the essential amino acids our bodies need to make a complete protein and keep us healthy and strong.
I put ½ cup of lentils in a pot (that is the “1 part legume”) and then 1 ½ cups of brown rice in the pot (that’s 3 x ½ cup, so it’s the “3 parts grain”). I now have 2 cups of dried rice and lentils in the pot. Now, how much water? With brown rice and lentils it’s easy – you always put 2 times the water in as you have the dried lentils and rice, so since I have 2 cups of dried lentils and rice, I will add 4 cups of water to the pot.
While cooking up only some rice and lentils will keep you healthy indefinitely, it will be a boring meal without additions like salt, other seasonings and additional ingredients. And boy can I make rice and lentils a lot of different ways! But that is for the next blog article – this one is about getting enough grains and beans and how much of each.
HOW MUCH TO BUY?
Let’s go back to the 1 part legume plus 3 or 4 parts grain:
If you get a 25-lb bag of lentils, then you want 3 or 4 25-lb bags of rice (or rice, millet, barley, etc – whatever you would eat with lentils). You might end up with something like this so you don't get bored with lentils and rice:
~ 25 lbs of lentils and 75 pounds of rice
(To stretch your dollar, you can get 25 lbs of lentils and 100 lbs of grain and you'll still be making a complete protein from your lentils and rice/grain.)
Once you get the concept of combining the grains with the legumes, the next thing to look at is how to cook them and VERY importantly, how to season the meals.
|Fresh carrot, celery, onion, garlic|
|Dehydrated chopped onion|
|Dehydrated mixed veggie blend|
But we’re talking no Albertsons, no Safeway, no Walmart to go get the onion, garlic and carrots. This is why you thought ahead and bought a pound of organic dehydrated minced garlic, a pound of dehydrated chopped onion and a pound bag of our dehydrated vegetable blend (carrots, onion, tomato, spinach, celery, red bell pepper and, green bell pepper) and packed them up in our Mylar bags along with oxygen absorbers.
So in our upcoming blog article I’m going to show how to make several different and tasty meals using our basic Lentils and Brown Rice from our food storage supplies. Be prepared to be pleasantly surprised.